HORSES OF THE WORLD
|VLADIMIR HEAVY DRAUGHT
Eurasia - Russia
At the start of the 20th century Russian breeders in the provinces of
Vladimir and Ivanovo imported stallions of various heavy breeds from France and England to
cross with local mares to develop a quality heavy working horse. The Clydesdale had the
most influence, notably the foundation stallions Lord James, Border Brand and Glen Albin.
Cleveland Bay, Suffolk, Ardennais, Shire and Percheron blood was also introduced.
A powerfully built heavy horse emerged well suited to all types of heavy agricultural and
draught work. The Vladimir is the larges of the Russian heavy breeds. A calm temperament
made the horse easy to train and its active paces ensured its ability to pull the famous
At the age of three the Vladimir is developed enough to start work and stand at stud.
Vladimir stallions are noted for their good fertility rate. The breed was recognized in
1946 and named the Vladimir Heavy Draught.
Head: large, long head; convex profile, kind expression
Neck: long, muscular
Shoulders: pronounced withers
Body: fairly long, broad back; wide chest; broad, sloping
Girth: stallions about 207cm (6 feet 9 inches), mares about
196cm (6 feet 5 inches)
Legs: long limbs, sometimes with feather
Mane and Tail: curly
Weight: stallions about 758kg (1,688lb), mares about 685kg
Color: predominantly bay; black and chestnut with white
markings on head and legs
Height: stallions 16.1hh, mares 15.3hh
Temperament: extremely good natured, calm, willing
Qualities: great strength, stamina, active paces, excellent
gait, easy to train
In Russia the Vladimir Heavy Draught still performs all kinds of heavy
farm and draught work.